Dealing with the ‘Sugar father’ label: era and industrial Asymmetries and hazardous intimate behaviors in downtown Kenya

Dealing with the ‘Sugar father’ label: era and industrial Asymmetries and hazardous intimate behaviors in downtown Kenya


“sweets daddy” dating, which have been described as large era and monetary asymmetries between couples, are believed staying a major factor in the spread of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa. Data is necessary about sweets dad partnerships—and about generation and economic asymmetries much generally—to see how usual simply and whether they were related to risky sexual activities.


The example composed 1,052 guy aged 21–45 who have been reviewed in Kisumu, Kenya, in 2001. Reports on these men and their particular 1,614 new nonmarital partnerships had been reviewed to compute the occurrance of sugar daddies and sweets daddy relationships, along with many different period and economical disparities within nonmarital collaborations. Logistic regression types had been constructed to assess connections between condom use finally sex and differing strategies of age and financial asymmetry.


The mean young age difference in nonmarital erectile mate got 5.5 a very long time, and 47per cent of men’s feminine mate comprise teenagers. Fourteen percentage of collaborations involved an age improvement with a minimum of several years, and 23% involved about the mean degree male-to-female substance solutions. Males just who described one or more collaboration with both these features happened to be described as sweets daddies and made upwards 5percent associated with example; sugars daddy commitments taken into account 4per cent of collaborations. Sugar father collaborations in addition to the big era and financial asymmetries we designed were of less chances of condom usage.


Although sugar dad associations commonly as persistent as normally suspected, period and monetary asymmetries in nonmarital relationships tend to be somewhat usual. Every one of these different asymmetries include involving nonuse of condoms. Increasing ladies’ strength within asymmetric erotic affairs could boost their capability negotiate secure erotic demeanor, including condom make use of.

Foreign Kids Coming Up With Perspectives, 2005, 31(1):6–14

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A large amount of anecdotal evidence shows that “sugary foods daddies” are common in Sub-Saharan Africa and are generally helping to fuel the spread out of HIV. The stereotypical glucose dad is actually an adult male whom switches large volumes of income or merchandise for erotic prefers from a lot more youthful wife. Sugar daddy affairs are generally related to both young age and monetary asymmetries, which might be believed to restrict young women’s capability to bargain less dangerous erectile conduct.

The alert over sugars daddies has been appeared not just in the African preferred discourse additionally by researchers and medical workers. Specialists caution that sweets daddies would like up adolescent couples with expanding volume into the opinions these types of ladies are improbable staying affected with HIV. 1 overall health organizations need considered these guys specifically challenging and have devoted programmatic assets to strategies that warn ladies to “beware of sugary foods daddies.” 2 within the era of HIV/AIDS, sugars father dating currently produced as the overall health worries, generally tagged “the sugar dad symptoms,” “the sweets daddy hold” or “the sugar father event,” wherein women, frequently teenagers, have a good many chances. 3

The belief that sugar daddies are extensive appears sensible a number of African contexts, because friendly norms typically allow (plus motivate) guy to engage in love-making beyond nuptials in accordance with more youthful associates. 4 In addition, socioeconomic realities enable guys to monopolize options for returns as well as provide some older males further sociable and economic electrical power than teenage boys. 5 the fact sugar daddies practise hazardous sex-related behavior is backed up by growing verification that HIV problems degrees tend to be larger among adolescent lady than among all of their male equivalents. Including, exploration in Kisumu, Kenya (the internet site of your study), unearthed that 27per cent of girls elderly 15–19 are afflicted with HIV, compared with 5% of males in the age-group. 6 Age disparities in sexual relationships happen granted as a likely answer for the contrast, because prices of HIV infection tend to be high among mature males than among male teens. 7 Although large era and economical asymmetries between erotic lovers exists throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, the two raise the most detail any time joined in sugars father interactions.

Despite these somewhat rational presumptions about sweets daddies, there is absolutely no empirical research that they are usual or that they tend to practice unsafe erectile actions. Are actually sweets daddies less inclined to need condoms than other males? Can they train unsafe behaviors in every the company’s commitments, including those without age and economic asymmetries? Furthermore, bit of is known regarding the link between unsafe sex together with the independent the different parts of sweets daddy commitments: era and economical asymmetries. 8 Our research utilizes facts on male nonmarital erectile behavior in Kisumu to investigate many of the typical assumptions surrounding sweets daddies and their sex-related associations. The frequency of HIV attained 26% in Kisumu in 1997, 9 which suggests that risky sex-related actions are widespread; consequently, this town supplies a fascinating perspective in which to examine age and financial asymmetries between nonmarital mate.

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